– is the material within a living cell, excluding the cell nucleus. It comprises cytosol (the gel-like substance enclosed within the cell membrane) and the organelles – the cell’s internal sub-structures. All of the contents of the cells of prokaryotic...

DNA – Deoxyribonucleic Acid

(DNA) deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information. the fundamental and distinctive characteristics or qualities of someone or something,...


-is a term for a microbial imbalance or maladaptation on or inside the body, such as an impaired microbiota.


– many factors that influence how our genes are expressed

GABA – gamma-Aminobutyric acid

(GABA) In vertebrates, GABA acts at inhibitory synapses in the brain by binding to specific transmembrane receptors in the plasma membrane of both pre- and postsynaptic neuronal processes.